478816 Model-Based Pressure Relief Design for Reactive Systems
Reactive systems behave unpredictably under overpressure conditions. Varying composition impacts the physical properties and response of the mixture to temperature and time. Pressure generation in a reactive system is often a function of both vapor pressure and gas generation rate. Standard methodologies applied in non-reactive pressure relief system design cannot be relied upon to give appropriate sizing for reactive systems. Consistent with DIERS methodologies, model-based design provides accurate, reliable vent sizing. A comprehensive approach to modeling is presented which incorporates vapor-liquid equilibrium, reaction stoichiometry, and reaction rate.