444020 Thermodynamic Modeling of Aqueous Lithium Sulfate and Its Solubility in the Presence of Na+, K+ and Mg2+ Sulfates

Monday, April 11, 2016
Exhibit Hall E (George R. Brown )
Samira Abedi and Chau-Chyun Chen, Chemical Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX

This work is an extension of the previous works done by our group towards development of a rigorous and comprehensive thermodynamic model for high salinity produced water that is essential for mass and heat balance calculations and simulation and design of novel treatment processes. Specifically this work presents a thermodynamic model that accurately represents all thermodynamic properties of aqueous lithium sulfate solution including the solubility of Li2SO4 in water and also in the presence of Na+–K+–Mg2+ sulfates. By explicit consideration of solution chemistry of each subsystem, symmetric electrolyte NRTL model is used to correlate available experimental data of all pertinent thermodynamic properties including activity coefficient, osmotic coefficient, excess enthalpy, and liquid heat capacity over the entire concentration range. This facilitates quantification of eNRTL binary molecule–molecule, molecule–electrolyte, and electrolyte–electrolyte interaction parameters. Also, solubility data are used to regress the thermodynamic constants required for modeling the liquid–solid equilibrium of lithium sulfate in water and in the presence of Na+–K+–Mg2+ sulfates. Displaying a significant prediction ability, the model accurately represents the thermodynamic behavior of the system from infinite dilution up to saturation and temperatures from 298.15 K to 573.15 K.

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