443974 Observer-Based Model Predictive Control for Time-Delay Systems

Monday, April 11, 2016
Exhibit Hall E (George R. Brown )
Xinghua Pan, Artie McFerrin Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX and M. Nazmul Karim, Chemical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX

Model predictive control is one of the most widely used advanced process control technologies in industry.[1] It has many capabilities such as dealing with input/state constrains and uncertainties. Observer-based model predictive control was developed to estimate states information when the states are not measurable directly. Many chemical processes have time delays in either states or measurements, such as polymer production and some bioprocesses. [2] In this presentation, we are proposing an unknown input observer based model predictive control algorithm for time-delay systems.  Unknown input observer is an observer design to eliminate certain types of unknown inputs in the system. Stability of unknown input observer-based model predictive control without time delay was provided by our previous study. Terminal cost and terminal region are designed for a class of non-linear time delay systems. The close-loop stability of the controller is provided. [3][4]

An example of bioreactor is provided which has uncertain time delays in measurements but with a known upper bound. Two measurements are provided which are online biomass and offline ethanol measurements.  Model-plant mismatch is considered as unknown inputs in the system. State estimation and control are calculated using the observer and an optimization algorithm.


[1] Marcus Reble et al., Model predictive control of constrained non-linear time-delay systems. IMA Journal of Mathematical Control and Information, 2010, 1-19

[2] Seung Cheol Jeong and PooGyeon Park, Constrained MPC algorithm for uncertainty time-varying systems with state delay, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL, 50, 2005, 257-262

[3] Mayuresh Kothare et al., Robust constrained model predictive control using linear matrix inequalities. Automatica, 32, 1996, 1361-1379

[4] Wook Hyun Kwon et al., A simple receding horizon control for state delayed systems and its stability criterion, Journal of Process Control, 13, 2003, 539-551

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