Monday, April 11, 2016: 6:32 PM
Exhibit Hall E (George R. Brown )
The zinc/bromine (Zn/Br2) flow battery is a promising rechargeable power source for energy storage systems because of its inherent chemical simplicity, high degree of reversibility at the electrodes, good energy density, and abundant low-cost materials. The Zn/Br2 flow battery system, intended for the grid-scale energy storage system, is to be made in modular form. A Zn/Br2 flow battery module is composed of the multiple stacks consisting of bipolar carbon electrodes. Since the stacks require electrolyte circulation on both the negative and positive sides, two plumbing loops are provided. The flow loops contain an electrolyte storage tank and a circulation pump. A heat exchanger may be included for temperature control in the flow loop. The design of the electrolyte circulation plumbing determines the distributions of electrolyte flow and pressure within the stacks and the efficiency of the stack is dependent on the flow distribution throughout the stack. The modeling of the distributions of electrolyte flow and pressure within the module is needed to optimize the plumbing for electrolyte circulation and thereby to improve the performance of the module. In this work, modeling is performed to study the effect of the layout configuration of the plumbing for electrolyte circulation on the distributions of electrolyte flow and pressure within a 50 kWh Zn/Br2 flow battery module composed of four stacks. It is seen that the plumbing layout for electrolyte circulation can have a significant effect on the flow rate distribution of electrolyte through the stacks.