Monday, April 11, 2016: 6:39 PM
Exhibit Hall E (George R. Brown )
Vessel blowdown is one of the safety operation procedures that discharges flammable gas or liquid to flare system during emergency situation such as fire. When blowdown occurs, the liquefaction and freezing effect cause a pressurized vessel to be brittle, exposing it to possible hazard situation. Also the blowdown systems are recommended to be accordance with API(American Petroleum Institute) 521 code. API 521 requires pressure in vessel should be half of the initial pressure or be lower than 100 psig in 15 minutes after commencing blowdown in fire case. Therefore, accurate estimation over the change of temperature and pressure of the vessel during blowdown period is crucial for the design of blowdown system. For the reason, researchers have developed a few dynamic blowdown models so far. However, the model was found to be rather inaccurate under certain conditions. Therefore a new dynamic blowdown model was developed in this work. For the accurate analysis, the model algorithm considers both vapour and liquid phase in non-equilibrium condition that the temperatures of vapour and liquid phases are different. Futhermore, heat transfer from the vessel wall to discharge gas at either laminal or turbulent flow in the vessel was considered in the model to increase the accuracy of blowdown estimation. For thermodynamics, both Peng-Robinson and Soave-Redlich-Kwong equations of state were applied to the model, and the results were compared each other. Finally, the simulation results were compared with Haque et al’s experimental and steady-state simulation results.