443736 Sublimation: Solids Do Volatilize

Monday, April 11, 2016: 4:00 PM
339A (Hilton Americas - Houston)
Hy Lai1, Quyen Nguyen1, Wayne Andrade1, Paulina Gallardo1 and Jonathan H. Worstell2, (1)Chemical Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, TX, (2)Worstell and Worstell, Consultants, Richmond, TX

Chemical engineers typically do not encounter processes involving sublimation. However, solids do sublimate. Chemical engineers become involved with sublimation in laboratories and pilot plant areas where various solids may accumulate. If these solids are hydrocarbon-based, then the chemical engineer supervising the area must calculate the exposure limits for personnel working there. The same calculation must be done for any volatile inorganic substances in the laboratory or pilot plant as well.

We generally calculate these exposure limits by assuming a CSTR approximates the laboratory or pilot plant area. However, such models require a rate constant --- a rate constant that describes the generation of the sublimating chemical.

This presentation describes a method for measuring a sublimation rate constant and discusses the exposure level calculation using that rate constant. The experiment described in this presentation is the sublimation of naphthalene.

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