443101 Thermodynamic Modeling of HNO3-H2so4-H2o Ternary System with Symmetric Electrolyte NRTL Model

Monday, April 11, 2016
Exhibit Hall E (George R. Brown )
Meng Wang, Harnoor Kaur and Chau-Chyun Chen, Chemical Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX

Nitric acid concentration/sulfuric acid concentration (NAC/SAC) process has been widely used for concentrating dilute aqueous nitric acid and recovering spent sulfuric acid. Nitric acid is concentrated by employing sulfuric acid to bind water and break nitric acid-water azeotrope at approximately 68 wt. % nitric acid. To support heat and mass balance calculations and process simulation for NAC/SAC processes, we develop a comprehensive thermodynamic model for nitric acid-sulfuric acid-water ternary system based on previously published thermodynamic models of nitric acid-water [Wang et al., Fluid Phase Equilibria, (2015) (DOI: 10.1016/j.fluid.2015.04.015)] binary and sulfuric acid-water [Que et al., Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 56 (2011) 963-9772] binary systems developed with symmetric electrolyte NRTL (eNRTL) activity coefficient model. The present work takes into account one-step hydration of nitric acid molecules, two-step hydration of sulfuric acid molecules, and further hydration of hydronium ions. With up to three temperature coefficients for each eNRTL binary interaction parameter and up to two temperature coefficients for each chemical equilibrium constant, the ternary model is validated with boiling point data from 383.15 to 471.45 K and activities at 273 K. Furthermore, contour plots of boiling points, vapor phase composition, and specific heat capacity of the ternary system are generated for engineering use.

Keywords:

Nitric acid, Sulfuric acid, Electrolyte NRTL model, Vapor-liquid equilibrium, Boiling point, Heat capacity, Nitric acid concentration/sulfuric acid concentration (NAC/SAC)


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