551462 A General Evaluation Framework for Direct Nonoxidative Conversion Strategies of Methane to Aromatics

Thursday, June 6, 2019: 11:18 AM
Republic ABC (Grand Hyatt San Antonio)
Kefeng Huang and Christos T. Maravelias, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI

Natural gas is a versatile chemical feedstock, and natural gas conversion to commodity chemicals has recently attracted significant attention because of the shale gas boom in the United States and the low natural gas prices. In addition, direct nonoxidative methane coupling to form aromatics in the absence of O2 has received significant attention. Yet, high coke yields and catalyst deactivation due to coke formation have presented a significant barrier to develop a commercial methane dehydroaromatization (DHA) process.

In this work, we study nonoxidative natural gas conversion technologies that directly convert methane to aromatics. We first develop an integrated strategy, employing a nonoxidative catalytic system, as well as downstream separation sections for product recovery and purification as well as recovery and recycle of unreacted methane. We then develop a flexible framework that allows us to systematically evaluate numerous technology alternatives and identify the key technology gaps that must be overcome in order to develop commercially attractive processes. The key variables include conversion temperature, methane one-pass conversion, aromatics selectivity, coke selectivity, and natural gas feed rate. We also develop surrogate unit models and a database that allows us to easily calculate key variables from experimental results.

References

Huang, K.; Miller, J.B.; Huber, G.W.; Dumesic, J.A.; Maravelias, C.T.; 2018. A General Framework for Evaluation of Direct Nonoxidative Methane Conversion Strategies. Joule 2, 349-365.

Karakaya, C., and Kee, R.J.; 2016. Progress in the direct catalytic conversion of methane to fuels and chemicals. Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 55, 60–97.


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