Sustenance of An Ecosystem Using Biofuels

Thursday, September 30, 2010: 11:00 AM
Alumni Lounge (Illinois Institute of Technology)
Prakash Kotecha1, Urmila Diwekar1 and Heriberto Cabezas2, (1)Vishwamitra Research Institute, Center for Uncertain Systems: Tools for Optimization and Management, Clarendon Hills, IL, (2)National Risk Management Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH

In recent years, there has been a continuous realization that the sustenance of many of the species will be endangered if the society continues to practice its current actions without understanding the future implications of its actions.  This has led to an increased interest in the formal study of sustainability by various stakeholders of the society as it could provide a policy framework that can help either in delaying or averting catastrophic scenarios. Formally, sustainability has been defined as the ability to meet the demands of the current generation without severely hampering the ability of the future generations to meet their own demands.  Hence it can be seen that sustainability is like a path or corridor that needs to be continually maintained throughout the time as opposed to reaching a specified target over a period of time. Recently, biofuels have been suggested as a viable energy source which in addition to being renewable has supposedly lower carbon emissions.  In this article, we study the impact of biofuels on the sustenance of an ecosystem. We use an integrated model of the ecosystem that has been developed previously. However, this model did not consider the possibility of using biofuels to meet the demand of various sections of the ecosystem. In this article, we have modified this model to include biofuels and have studied the impact of biofuels on the ecosystem under various plausible scenarios.

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See more of this Session: Sustainable Energy Systems
See more of this Group/Topical: 2010 Midwest Regional Conference