473821 A Novel Membrane Distillation Response Technology for Nucleation Detection and Crystallization Process Control

Tuesday, November 15, 2016
Grand Ballroom B (Hilton San Francisco Union Square)
Xiaobin Jiang1, Gaohong He1, Wu Xiao2, Xuehua Ruan2 and Dapeng Lu2, (1)Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China, (2)Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China

A Novel Membrane Distillation Response Technology for Nucleation Detection and Crystallization Process Control

Xiaobin Jiang*, Gaohong He*, Wu Xiao, Xuehua Ruan, Dapeng Lu

State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Research and Development Center of Membrane Science and Technology, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, P. R. China

*Corresponding author: Email: xbjiang@dlut.edu.cn, hgaohong@dlut.edu.cn

Abstract

Most of researchers considered the mass transfer flux decline and the crystallization on the membrane interface as a fouling behavior. The research was focused on the strategy of avoiding and reducing the crystallization, non-attention had been paid on applying this sensitive nucleation response phenomenon to the crystallization research [1,2]. The inevitable crystallization on the membrane interface under certain operational conditions and solution concentration inspired us that the membrane interface performed as the response medium of the nucleation detection. The responding mechanism is constructed base on the chain effect of ¡®solution concentrated & metastable zone uplimit reached-nucleation on the pores of the porous membrane interface-transmembrane flux sharply decrease¡¯. The inflection point of the transmembrane flux confirms the nucleation timing on the membrane interface. The accurate recording of the transmembrane flux data can be utilized to calculate the solution concentration to determine the metastable zone width (MSZW), which is key dynamic data for the effective control strategy of crystal nucleation and growth [3,4].

Without relying on the optical signal, MDC based nucleation response method would be easy and more meaningful in the case of opaque solutions that laser intensity response (LIR) method is invalid [5]. This advantage will improve the controlling accuracy and flexibility during MSZW measurement. Moreover, with the proposed method, it would be easy to enhance control over the process so that to select the real working conditions to simulate different evaporation rates for the concentrating rate in the isothermal membrane distillation process can be adjusted by the membrane permeability, the partial vapor pressure difference and the membrane area, etc.

While, a strict requirement on the membrane interface structure is obvious to enhance the detection accuracy of this proposed method. With conducted effective work of Trout and Diao, the developed Nanoparticle Imprint Lithography (NpIL) method had successfully prepared the polymer films with nanopores of various, uniform shapes that can hinder nucleation or promoted it [6]. In addition, the had reported the significant impact of polymer interface with nanometer scale pores on inducing crystallization and polymorphism control [7,8]. These foundational work can promote the theoretical research and application of the MDC based nucleation response and crystallization control by providing the qualified microporous membrane as desired nucleation detection and response interface.

 Fig 15 

Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of nucleation response and metastable zone width (MSZW) measurement with MDC technology (compared with the laser detection technology)

Acknowledgment

This work is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 21306017, 21527812), Program for Changjiang Scholars and Support Project of the China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation (X514001).

References

[1] Chen, G.; Lu, Y.; Krantz, W. B.; Wang, R.; Fane, A. G., Optimization of operating conditions for a continuous membrane distillation crystallization process with zero salty water discharge. Journal of Membrane Science 2014, 450, 1-11.

[2] Meng, S.; Ye, Y.; Mansouri, J.; Chen, V., Fouling and crystallisation behaviour of superhydrophobic nano-composite PVDF membranes in direct contact membrane distillation. Journal of Membrane Science 2014, 463, 102-112.

[3] Ulrich, J.; Jones, M. J., Industrial Crystallization. Chemical Engineering Research and Design 2004, 82, (12), 1567-1570.

[4] Ulrich, J.; Strege, C., Some aspects of the importance of metastable zone width and nucleation in industrial crystallizers. Journal of Crystal Growth 2002, 237, 2130-2135.

[5] Jiang, X.; Ruan, X.; Xiao, W.; Lu, D.; He, G., A novel membrane distillation response technology for nucleation detection, metastable zone width measurement and analysis. Chemical Engineering Science 2015, 134, 671-680.

[6] Diao, Y.; Harada, T.; Myerson, A. S.; Hatton, T. A.; Trout, B. L., The role of nanopore shape in surface-induced crystallization. Nature Materials 2011, 10, (11), 867-871.

[7] Curcio, E.; L¨®pez-Mej¨ªas, V.; Di Profio, G.; Fontananova, E.; Drioli, E.; Trout, B. L.; Myerson, A. S., Regulating Nucleation Kinetics through Molecular Interactions at the Polymer¨CSolute Interface. Crystal Growth & Design 2014, 14, (2), 678-686.

[8] Diao, Y.; Helgeson, M. E.; Siam, Z. A.; Doyle, P. S.; Myerson, A. S.; Hatton, T. A.; Trout, B. L., Nucleation under Soft Confinement: Role of Polymer¨CSolute Interactions. Crystal Growth & Design 2012, 12, (1), 508-517.

 


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