473631 Simplified Model of a Redox Flow Battery for Deriving Design and Dispatch Strategies in a Resource Planning Tool
Flow battery technology has emerged as one of the potential storage candidates which can be used for stationary energy storage systems. The flexibility of scaling energy and power independently may give these systems an advantage over other energy storage technologies for applications where the energy is high and power demand is low. Flow battery systems exhibit nonlinear behavior during charging and discharging which is typical of electrochemical energy storage systems. Hence there is a need to develop a simplified (preferably linear) model without undue compromise of the underlying physics of the batteries.
Rather than modeling a flow battery as an ideal, finite source of energy with constant energy efficiency, a simple model incorporating the electrochemical behavior of a redox flow battery was developed. This model enables the optimizer to (i) choose energy and power independently (design decision) and (ii) access the performance of the chosen battery size (dispatch decision) in order to derive the optimal energy mix. The talk will also focus on quantification of errors associated with the simple model compared with the nonlinear representation.
The work presented herein was funded by the Office of Naval Research.