472253 Experimental and Theoretical Studies of CO2 Adsorption on Hydrotalcite

Wednesday, November 16, 2016
Grand Ballroom B (Hilton San Francisco Union Square)
Jack Lowd, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, Vasilios Manousiouthakis, Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering Department,, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, Theodore Tsotsis, The Mork Family Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA and Richard J. Ciora, Media and Process Technology Inc, Pittsburgh, PA

This work investigates experimentally the adsorption kinetics of CO2 on hydrotalcite, and puts forward a simple two-step adsorption reaction mechanism that forms the modeling foundations of the process used to collect the experimental data. The experimental data collection process consists of pure CO2 gas being continuously fed to and removed from a semi-batch reactor in which a given amount of adsorbent material is enclosed within a Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) apparatus. The obtained experimental data consist of adsorbent weight gain measurements as function of time. A nonlinear, multi-parameter model describing the time evolution of the adsorption process is developed. At its core is a novel two-step mechanism, that involves CO2 adsorption onto multiple types of active sites. One to one and onto maps between the adsorption/desorption kinetic constants and parameters describing the time evolution curves are developed, which in turn allow the resulting nonlinear parameter regression problem to be solved for its global optimum. Uncertainty intervals containing the resulting kinetic constant values are also developed, corresponding to the variability of the experimental data.

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