472163 Influence of Silica-Based Nanoparticles Embedded in Sand Bed Filtration for Cleaning-up Industrial Wastewater
In this study, different types of functionalized silica-based nanoparticles were successfully prepared, characterized, and tested for TOC adsorptive removal within batch and continuous adsorption processes. Briefly, the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and high resolution transmition electron microscopy (HRTEM) were used to confirm the surface area, crystalline domain size, functionality, and structural topology, respectively. The characterization results showed that the prepared nanoparticles are spherical in shape with a crystalline diameter of 10 nm and BET surface area around 180 m2/g. Adsorption experiments were conducted in a batch mode to investigate the adsorption affinity and capacity of nanoparticles toward TOC removal from a locally supplied industrial wastewater sample. The results indicated that the TOC removal efficiency was improved significantly by 50% using the functionalized sand with nanoparticles at low mass fraction (<10 wt%). Afterwards, the filter bed column, continuous mode, was conducted using the functionalized and the un-functionalized sands. Interestingly enough, the functionalized sand with in-house prepared silica-based nanoparticles showed prolonger breakthrough time (>50 times) in comparison with the un-functionalized sand. These promising results are believed to help the current conventional wastewater treatment methods not only on a lab scale but also on an industrial level.
See more of this Group/Topical: Topical Conference: Environmental Aspects, Applications, and Implications of Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology