471712 Reversible Assembly of Colloidal Particles Using Low Frequency Pulsed DC Electric Fields for Electrophoretic Displays
Wednesday, November 16, 2016: 10:45 AM
Embarcadero (Parc 55 San Francisco)
This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344.
We present the reversible assembly of colloidal nanoparticles in organic solvents using low voltage and low frequency pulsed DC electric fields. Commercially available and custom nanoparticles (diameter ~ 50-200 nm) were suspended in organic solvents at concentrations of 0.25-50 wt% and sandwiched between indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes of spacing 25 μm-2mm. Using square waves of frequency 0.25-5 Hz, voltages 0.5-5V, and DC offset 0.25-2.5V, colloidal suspensions were actuated for switchable contrast. Upon switching off the electric field, the assembled nanoparticles are able to resuspend within seconds. Using patterned electrodes, lateral electromigration of the particles was demonstrated. Depletion of the particles to the electrode regions resulted in transparency in the non-patterned regions. The distinct contrast generated can be exploited for tunable display applications. We will also present a particle-based numerical model of the deposition and resuspension processes.