471480 On the Fly Mixing and 3D Printing of Al/CuO Thermite

Wednesday, November 16, 2016: 10:25 AM
Bay View (Hotel Nikko San Francisco)
Alexandra Golobic1, Matthew M. Durban2, Eric B. Duoss1, Alex E. Gash3 and Kyle T. Sullivan3, (1)Materials Engineering, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, (2)Materials Science Division, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, (3)Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

The ability to spatially control the behavior of reactive materials within a part is now a reality with advances in 3D printing. This vastly opens up the design space for rapidly deflagrating materials, such as pyrotechnics or thermites, to yield a precise property or dynamic performance. In order achieve this goal, a mixing print head was used to mix an aluminum and a copper oxide ink on the fly. The mixing and printing parameters were first investigated for a stoichiometric mix of fuel and oxidizer to determine at what point the material can be assumed well-mixed. The equivalence ratio was then changed, and the critical mixing parameters established. The reactivity was characterized by printing a strip of material, then initiating the thermite and measuring the propagation velocity with a high-speed camera. Once the velocity reached a plateau, we considered the system well mixed. 3D printing was then used to make parts where the local stoichiometry, which corresponds to performance, is spatially varied. Collective effects of having incorporated features with differing reactivates were investigated.

This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. LLNL-ABS-691142


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See more of this Session: Energetic and Reactive Materials I
See more of this Group/Topical: Particle Technology Forum