470274 Environmental Applications of Field Portable Low Temperature Porous Layer Open Tubular Cryoadsorption Headspace Sampling and Analysis

Sunday, November 13, 2016: 3:30 PM
Union Square 13 (Hilton San Francisco Union Square)
Megan Harries1,2 and Thomas Bruno1, (1)Applied Chemicals and Materials, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO, (2)Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO

Building on the successful application in the laboratory of PLOT-cryoadsorption as a means of collecting vapor (or headspace) samples for chromatographic analysis, we now introduce a field- portable apparatus. This device fits inside of a briefcase (aluminum tool carrier), and can be easily transported by vehicle or by air. The portable apparatus functions entirely on compressed air, making it suitable for use in locations lacking electrical power, and for use in flammable and explosive environments. The apparatus consists of four aspects: a field capable PLOT-capillary platform, the supporting equipment platform, the service interface between the PLOT-capillary and the supporting equipment, and the necessary peripherals. Vapor sampling can be done with either a hand piece (containing the PLOT capillary) or with a custom fabricated standoff module. Both the hand piece and the standoff module can be heated and cooled to facilitate vapor collection and subsequent vapor sample removal. The service interface between the support platform and the sampling units makes use of a unique countercurrent approach that minimizes loss of cooling and heating due to heat transfer with the surroundings (recuperative thermostatting). We will also describe the use of this apparatus applied to several analytes of interest. We conducted tests with coumarin and 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (two solutes that were used in initial development of PLOT-cryo technology), naphthalene, aviation turbine kerosene, and diesel fuel, on a variety of matrices and test beds. We demonstrated that these analytes can be easily detected and reliably identified using the portable unit for analyte collection. By leveraging efficiency-boosting temperature control and the high flow rate multiple capillary wafer, very short collection times (as low as 3 s) yielded accurate detection. For diesel fuel spiked on glass beads, we determined a method detection limit below 1 ppm. We observed greater variability among separate samples analyzed with the portable unit than previously documented in work using the laboratory-based PLOT-cryo technology. We identify three likely sources that may help explain the additional variation: the use of a compressed air source to generate suction, matrix geometry, and variability in the local vapor concentration around the sampling probe as solute depletion occurs both locally around the probe and in the test bed as a whole. This field-portable adaptation of the PLOT-cryo approach has numerous and diverse potential applications.

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See more of this Session: Environmental Applications of Adsorption: Gas Phase
See more of this Group/Topical: Environmental Division