469693 Enzyme Selection for Hydrolysis of Lignocellulosic Biomass Coupled with Fermentation
Major challenges for fermentation of biomass derived sugars are low product yield and high hydrolysis cost (Sun and Cheng, 2002). Exploitation of all the C5 and C6 sugar polymers locked in the lignocellulosic biomass can provide a solution to the low yield problem. However, the hydrolysis of all the polymers requires an optimal enzyme mixture, which is usually need to be tailor made or carefully selected for the specific substrate (Jørgensen et. al., 2007). The challenge of high enzymatic hydrolysis cost is mainly due to the enzyme since utility costs are low owing to mild operating conditions (pH 4.8 and temperature 45 - 50 °C) (Duff and Murray, 1996). Therefore, this paper suggests an optimal enzyme mixture, which yields the most favorable composition of C5 and C6 sugars necessary for high yield butanol and butyric acid fermentations.
Mathematical models and kinetic parameters for bacterial growth on mixed substrates from the literature are employed for simulation of fermentations with varied sugar compositions (Lendemann and Egli, 1998). Various composition values of C5 and C6 sugar mixtures are taken from the literature and used in the model simulations as well for comparison purposes (Van Dyk and Pletschke, 2012). The simulation results illustrate the effect of sugar composition on the fermentation yield; eventually provide the optimal value of the sugar composition and corresponding enzyme mixtures. The approach enables backward knowledge flow, from fermentation to enzymatic hydrolysis, to investigate the optimal process conditions. Therefore, it suggests the optimal enzyme mixture after evaluating the possibilities in terms of the cost, composition and the operating conditions.
Sun, Y., & Cheng, J. (2002). Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials for ethanol production: a review. Bioresource technology, 83(1), 1-11.
Jørgensen, H., Kristensen, J. B., & Felby, C. (2007). Enzymatic conversion of lignocellulose into fermentable sugars: challenges and opportunities.Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 1(2), 119-134.
Duff, S. J., & Murray, W. D. (1996). Bioconversion of forest products industry waste cellulosics to fuel ethanol: a review. Bioresource technology,55(1), 1-33.
Lendenmann, U., & Egli, T. (1998). Kinetic models for the growth of Escherichia coli with mixtures of sugars under carbon-limited conditions.Biotechnology and bioengineering, 59(1), 99-107.
Van Dyk, J. S., & Pletschke, B. I. (2012). A review of lignocellulose bioconversion using enzymatic hydrolysis and synergistic cooperation between enzymes—factors affecting enzymes, conversion and synergy.Biotechnology advances, 30(6), 1458-1480.
See more of this Group/Topical: Environmental Division