468157 Detecting Autologous Blood Transfusions Using Dielectrophoretic Spectroscopy
Using a combination of membrane protein cross-linking and dielectrophoretic spectroscopy, we demonstrate the ability to directly detect the presence of 5% reinfused red blood cells (RBCs) in fresh blood. This corresponds to one transfusion unit of whole blood.
Red blood cells aging in storage undergo biochemical changes that normal RBCs in circulation do not. This includes changes in cell membrane composition and cell morphology. When stored ex vivo, RBCs begin to lose the number of membrane-bound proteins. This physiological change offers less surface proteins available for cross-linking, resulting in a different dielectrophoretic spectra for stored cells compared to that of fresh RBCs. We use differences in these spectra to discern storage-related changes to blood cell morphology and composition, as a means to directly detect autologous blood doping in athletes.
See more of this Group/Topical: 2016 Annual Meeting of the AES Electrophoresis Society