467893 Tunable Thermodynamic Activity of LaxSr1-XMnyAl1-YO3-δ (0 ≤ x ≤ 1, 0 ≤ y ≤ 1) Perovskites for Solar-Driven Splitting of CO2 and H2O

Thursday, November 17, 2016: 4:55 PM
Imperial B (Hilton San Francisco Union Square)
Miriam Ezbiri1,2, Michael Takacs1, David Theiler1, Ronald Michalsky1 and Aldo Steinfeld1, (1)Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland, (2)Solar Technology Laboratory, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen-PSI, Switzerland

To guide the development of advanced metal oxides for solar-driven splitting of CO2 and H2O into CO, H2 (syngas), and O2, we investigate the equilibrium thermodynamics of a family of perovskites, i.e. LaxSr1-xMnyAl1-yO3-δ (La0.6Sr0.4Mn0.4Al0.6O3-δ, La0.6Sr0.4Mn0.8Al0.2O3-δ, La0.4Sr0.6Mn0.6Al0.4O3-δ, La0.4Sr0.6Mn0.8Al0.2O3-δ, La0.2Sr0.8Mn0.8Al0.2O3-δ) and Ca-doped La0.6Ca0.4Mn0.8Al0.2O3-δ for comparison. Oxygen nonstoichiometry measurements in the temperature range 1573 to 1773 K and oxygen partial pressure range 0.206 to 180.015 mbar O2 showed tunable reduction extents increasing with increasing Sr content. Maximum oxygen nonstoichiometry of 0.32 is established by La0.2Sr0.8Mn0.8Al0.2O3-δ at 1773 K and 2.369 mbar O2. The partial molar enthalpy, entropy and Gibbs free energy were extracted from the experimental data using defect models based on the two simultaneous redox couples Mn4+/Mn3+ and Mn3+/Mn2+ which describe the measured oxygen nonstoichiometry of all perovskites investigated in this work. While most perovskite compositions showed decreasing partial molar enthalpy with increasing oxygen nonstoichiometry, this desirable feature is most pronounced for La0.6Sr0.4Mn0.4Al0.6O3-δ. Compared to state-of-the-art ceria, partial molar enthalpy and entropy values were found to be lower for all investigated perovskites, resulting in thermodynamically more favorable reduction but less favorable oxidation with CO2, implying energy penalties due to larger temperature swings or large amounts of excess CO2 or H2O required. Generally, we observe changing the ratios of A-cations and B-cations influences redox thermodynamics significantly, while changing the ratio of B-cations alone has an only a minor effect on the material’s thermodynamics. Using electronic structure theory, we conclude with a practical methodology to estimate the thermodynamic activity of perovskites in CO2 and H2O splitting.

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