467658 Exploiting the Nonlinear Frequency Response Method to Evaluate the Potential of Forced Periodic Operation of Chemical Reactors

Monday, November 14, 2016: 8:40 AM
Franciscan D (Hilton San Francisco Union Square)
Menka Petkovska1, Daliborka Nikolic1, Matthias Felischak2 and Andreas Seidel-Morgenstern3, (1)University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia, (2)Otto-von-Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany, (3)Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Magdeburg, Germany

INTRODUCTION Forced periodic operations of chemical reactors possess significant potential to improve numerous performance criteria. The corresponding analysis of reaction systems and the estimation of the magnitude of possible performance improvements have occupied many researchers since the earliest explorations by Douglas and Rippin (1966), Horn and Lin (1967) and Bailey (1973). Theoretical problems related to identification and estimation of the enhancement were typically analyzed evaluating suitable control criteria and applying four major approaches described by Watanabe et al. (1981) and Parulekar (2003). However, there are hardly industrial applications of this promising concept and there is still a need for developing generally applicable methods for identifying and analyzing promising reaction systems. NEW APPROACH We suggest applying the nonlinear frequency response (NFR) method to predict the outcome of perturbing periodically one or several input variables. Applying the concept of higher order frequency response functions (FRFs) weakly nonlinear systems can be described analytically (Petkovska and Seidel-Morgenstern, 2013). The response of a weakly nonlinear system to periodic input change(s) contains a periodic term, consisting of the basic and a number of higher harmonics, and a non-periodic (DC) component. The value and sign of the DC component of the outlet  can be used as an indicator for the mean performance of the forced periodic operation, as it  gives insight whether and  to which extent improvements can be expected as a result of forced periodic modulation(s) of the input(s). Applying the NRF method, the non-periodic term can be efficiently estimated for modulation of  single or multiple inputs. To demonstrate the strength of the theoretical concept the model of an adiabatic CSTR was analyzed considering reactions of different orders. Estimates are provided for different frequencies of sinusoidal changes of the inlet composition, the total inlet flow-rate and the feed temperature. It will be shown that it is in particular attractive to perturb simultaneously two input variables using the optimal phase shift, which can be determined using our method (Nikolic et al., 2015). EXPERIMENTAL To validate the theoretical predictions we carried out experiments in a laboratory scale CSTR using hydrolysis of acetic anhydride as a test reaction. The performance of the reaction system was evaluated with respect to different objectives under various steady state conditions, including theoretically optimal ones, and for various types of single and binary input perturbations. REFERENCES
Bailey, J.E. (1973), "Periodic Operation of Chemical Reactors: A Review", Chem. Eng. Comm., 1, 111.
Douglas, J.M. and Rippin, D.W.T. (1966), "Unsteady state process operation", Chem. Eng. Sci. 21, 305.
Horn, F. J. M. and Lin, R. C. (1967). "Periodic processes: A variation approach", Ind. Eng. Chem. Process Des. Dev., 6, 21.
Parulekar, S.J. (2003), "Systematic performance analysis of continuous processes subject to multiple input cycling", Chem. Eng. Sci., 58, 5173.
Petkovska M., Seidel-Morgenstern A. (2013). „Evaluation of Periodic Processes“, in: “Periodic Operation of Chemical Reactors”, Eds.: Silveston P.L., Hudgins R.R., Elsevier, Oxford, Chapter 14, 387. Watanabe, N., Onogi, K. and Matsubara, M. (1981), “Periodic control of continuous Stirred tank reactors-I. The π criterion and its application to isothermal cases”, Chem. Eng. Sci., 36, 809.

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