467504 Fast Pyrolysis Bio-Oil As Precursor of Thermosetting Resins

Monday, November 14, 2016
Grand Ballroom B (Hilton San Francisco Union Square)
Mehul Barde1, Bernal Sibaja Hernandez1 and Maria Auad1,2, (1)Chemical Engineering, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, (2)Center for Polymers and Advanced Composites, Auburn, AL

The use of biomass-based resources is currently a hot topic for both academic and industrial research as an alternative to mitigate the strong dependence on fossil carbon in the chemical and petrochemical industries. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have prioritized the development of bioenergy and bio-products; and they have the goal to produce 18% of the current U.S. chemical commodities from biomass by 2020, and 25% by 2030. The macromolecular chemistry based on lingocellulosic feedstock represents one of the answers to the quest for polymeric materials capable of replacing their fossil-based counterparts. In particular, fast pyrolysis bio oil is an excellent candidate for the bio-sourcing of polymeric resin. Their competitive cost, worldwide availability and built-in functionality have catapulted it use as a source of macromonomers for polymer applications. The development of this area has been carried out mainly through the reaction and functionalization of hydroxyl groups in the bio oil to produce thermosetting resins such as: epoxy, phenolic, polyurethanes, etc. Thus, the main purpose of this project is to cover the major aspects related to the chemical synthesis, physical-chemical characterization and study of thermo-mechanical properties of bio-based resin, where highly functionalized components are synthetized by chemical modification. Results showed that this new bio-based polymeric systems display interesting properties that are close to their commercial counterparts.

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