467303 Soot Nucleation and Consumption in Oxy-Coal Systems

Monday, November 14, 2016: 3:15 PM
Franciscan D (Hilton San Francisco Union Square)
Alexander J Josephson, Chemical Engineering, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT

With the rising concern of carbon dioxide’s effects on climate change, research involving oxy-fuel combustion has increased significantly. The environment of an oxy-fuel system can vary greatly from that of conventional air-fired systems; as a result, models to describe system physics must be adapted to account for these differences. This work focuses on some of the differences found in the oxy-coal environment and the effects this has on soot nucleation and consumption. The transformation of tar into soot particles along with the growth of those particles are explored and models are presented. Oxidation rates are explored and models optimized to experimental data published in the literature. Model parameters’ uncertainty are also computed and presented. Gasification rates are considered and modeled in a similar way with their respective uncertainties. Effects of gasification, which is typically neglected in conventional systems, are also explored in simulation of an oxy-fuel combustor at the University of Utah; results are presented.

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See more of this Session: Combustion Kinetics and Emissions
See more of this Group/Topical: Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Division