465161 Highly Flexible Self-Assembled V2O5 Cathodes Enabled By Conducting Diblock Copolymers

Thursday, November 17, 2016: 2:28 PM
Golden Gate 5 (Hilton San Francisco Union Square)
Hyosung An1, Jared Mike1, Kendall Smith2, Lisa Swank2, Yen-Hao Lin2, Stacy Pesek2, Rafael Verduzco2 and Jodie Lutkenhaus3, (1)Chemical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, (2)Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Rice University, Houston, TX, (3)Artie McFerrin Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX

Structural energy storage materials combining load-bearing mechanical properties and high energy storage performance are desired for applications in wearable devices or flexible displays. Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is a promising cathode material for possible use in flexible battery electrodes, but it remains limited by low Li+ diffusion coefficient and electronic conductivity, severe volumetric changes upon cycling, and limited mechanical flexibility. Here, we demonstrate a route to address these challenges by blending a diblock copolymer bearing electron- and ion-conducting blocks, poly(3-hexylthiophene)-block-poly(ethyleneoxide) (P3HT-b-PEO), with V2O5 to form a mechanically flexible, electro-mechanically stable hybrid electrode. V2O5 layers were arranged parallel in brick-and-mortar-like fashion held together by the P3HT-b-PEO binder. . This unique structure significantly enhances mechanical flexibility, toughness and cyclability without sacrificing capacity. Properties are probed as a function of composition using dynamic mechanical analysis, impedance spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and galvanostatic cycling. It is found that optimum composition exists, where too little polymer results in brittle inflexible electrodes and too much polymer reduces the electrochemical activity. Only 5 wt % polymer is required to triple the flexibility (normal strain) of V2O5, and electrodes comprised of 10 wt % polymer have unusually high toughness (293 kJ/m3) and specific energy (530 Wh/kg), both higher than reduced graphene oxide paper electrodes. Electrodes with commercial binder poly(vinylidene difluoride) shows no remarkable improvement. These results demonstrate a new approach for the development of structural energy storage materials.

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See more of this Session: Materials for Electrochemical Energy Storage II
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