464362 Understanding and Enhancing Selective Fab Separations Using Multimodal Chromatography

Monday, November 14, 2016: 4:26 PM
Plaza A (Hilton San Francisco Union Square)
Steven M. Cramer, Howard P Isermann Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY

This research seeks to determine what conditions are required to achieve selective separations of similar protein variants and to provide fundamental insight into the mechanisms underlying these separations. The retention of protein libraries on several multimodal cation-exchange systems demonstrated that the retention of many proteins proved to be sensitive to subtle changes in the ligand chemistry and geometrical presentation. All-atom explicit Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations were then carried out to shed light on the multiple weak interactions that resulted in the unique selectivities achieved in these multimodal chromatographic systems. A range of biophysics techniques including NMR, ITC and AFM were also employed to study the energetics, kinetics and thermodynamics of protein binding to self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of MM ligands. Finally, quantitative structure activity relationship models were developed using unique molecular descriptors inspired by the biophysics and simulation studies for predicting the chromatographic behavior of proteins on a many multimodal resin systems and to provide insight into the relative importance of various regions on Fabs for interacting with these ligands. This work provides fundamental understanding of the nature of these interactions at the molecular level and insight into the design of MM ligands with important implications for addressing challenging problems in downstream bioprocessing.

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See more of this Session: Honorary Session for Georges Belfort II
See more of this Group/Topical: Separations Division