463696 Hollow Fiber Lumen Modification Via Environmentally Friendly Poly(zwitterion) Grafting

Wednesday, November 16, 2016: 1:27 PM
Plaza A (Hilton San Francisco Union Square)
Ngoc Lieu Le1, Suzana Pereira Nunes2, Tai-Shung Chung3, Mathias Ulbricht4, Mathias Quilitzsch4, Peiying Hong5 and Hong Cheng5, (1)Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, (2)Biological and Environmental Sciences & Engineering Division (BESE), King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, (3)Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore, (4)Lehrstuhl für Technische Chemie II, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany, (5)King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)

Membrane fouling is a major obstacle to the practical applications of membrane-based techniques such as ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, forward osmosis and pressure-retarded osmosis. To prevent organic fouling, surface modification with hydrophilic polymers has been identified as a potential strategy because many organic foulants are hydrophobic in nature. Efficiency of fouling prevention depends on surface materials and modification techniques. Although grafting poly(ethylene) glycol improves fouling propensity, the layer is susceptible to cleaning solutions, which becomes critical in long-term operations. Zwitterionic polymers are demonstrated as a promising alternative non-fouling material because of their high capacity to generate a stable hydration layer which resists to non-specific protein adsorption. On the other hand, an environmentally friendly grafting technique was developed with a capability of modifying the lumen of hollow fiber membranes, where common techniques such as UV or plasma treatments are unlikely to be feasible and other techniques requiring thermal control are also complicated. This work is an important contribution to reduce fouling and eliminate constrains, which are currently seen as hurdles for the use of hollow fibers in specific membrane-based applications.

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See more of this Session: Membranes for Water Treatment, Reuse, and Desalination II
See more of this Group/Topical: Separations Division