463547 Carrier Scattering at Alloy Nanointerfaces Enhances Power Factor in PEDOT:PSS Hybrid Thermoelectrics

Sunday, November 13, 2016: 4:44 PM
Golden Gate 8 (Hilton San Francisco Union Square)
Edmond W. Zaia1,2, Ayaskanta Sahu2, Preston Zhou2, Madeleine P. Gordon2, Jason Forster2, Shaul Aloni2, Yi-Sheng Liu3, Jinghua Guo3 and Jeffrey Urban2, (1)Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, (2)Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, (3)Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA

This work demonstrates the first method for controlled growth of heterostructures within hybrid organic/inorganic nanocomposite thermoelectrics. Using a facile, aqueous technique, semimetal-alloy nanointerfaces are patterned within a hybrid thermoelectric system consisting of tellurium (Te) nanowires and the conducting polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly(styrene-sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS). Specifically, this method is used to grow nanoscale islands of Cu1.75Te alloy subphases within hybrid PEDOT:PSS-Te nanowires. This technique is shown to provide tunability of thermoelectric and electronic properties, providing up to 22% enhancement of the system’s power factor in the low-doping regime, consistent with preferential scattering of low energy carriers. This work provides an exciting platform for rational design of multiphase nanocomposites and highlights the potential for engineering of carrier filtering within hybrid thermoelectrics via introduction of interfaces with controlled structural and energetic properties.

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