457998 Case Study of a Recrystallization Scale-up with Desirable Psd and Morphology

Tuesday, November 15, 2016: 10:10 AM
Union Square 5 & 6 (Hilton San Francisco Union Square)
Bianca Christensen1, Jerry S. Salan1, Matthew Jorgensen2, David am Ende3 and Sarah Rothstein1, (1)Nalas Engineering Services, Centerbrook, CT, (2)Nalas Engineering Services Inc., centerbrook, CT, (3)Nalas Engineering Services, Inc., Centerbrook, CT

Scale-up to control particle size of an energetic (in this case nitro-containing compound) is particularly challenging due to its inherent safety hazards. The focus of this work is to scale up a recrystallization process for an energetic compound in order to achieve a block-like morphology with a size in the range of 200 – 300 µm. Due to the energetic nature of the material, strategies such as seeding are undesired. Thus our efforts focused on self-seeding via an optimal anti-solvent dosing strategy.

Efforts began with a solvent screen and construction of solubility curves, using the Avantium Crystal16™ parallel crystallizer. Experiments were conducted at the 100 mL scale using the Mettler Toledo EasyMax™ workstation to optimize dosing and cooling strategies. In situ FBRM and PVM probes were used.

The most promising conditions were then tested at the 2 L scale, using the Mettler Toledo RC1e™. CFD mixing modeling was used to achieve a greater understanding of the effects of mixing regimes on the results of the 2 L recrystallization; this was then used to project the effects of mixing at larger scales up to the target reactor volume of 200 gallons. In addition, FBRM and IR data were used to construct desaturation curves, which aided in reducing the batch cycle time without negatively impacting the crystallization. The 2-L RC-1 resulted in yields greater than 90% and gave isolated solids with improved thermal stability, while meeting the target morphology and size requirements. This process was then used to scale up the crystallization to a 20 L vessel, and finally, to 200 gallons.

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See more of this Session: Process Scale-up Techniques
See more of this Group/Topical: Process Development Division