454757 Toward Roll-to-Roll Production of Nanomaterials Using Microwave

Wednesday, November 16, 2016: 2:10 PM
Golden Gate 7 (Hilton San Francisco Union Square)
Xinyu Zhang, Jonathan Cook and Amit Nautiyal, Chemical Engineering

Nanomaterials, such as carbon nanotubes (CNT), metal oxides, and polymers, possess superior mechanical, thermal and electrical properties, lead to broad applications in composite materials, smart structures, chemical sensors, energy storage and nano-electronic devices. However, the high cost and difficulty in getting large scale, high quality nanomaterials remain challenges. We demonstrate for the first time an affordable and scalable microwave approach for the direct growth of CNT, nanostructured metal oxides on a wide range of substrates, including carbon fibers, glass fibers, Kevlar, and Basalt fibers. The microwave initiated nanomaterial growth will take only 20-30 seconds under the microwave irradiation at room temperature in air, no need of any inert gas protection, and additional feed stock gases, usually required in CVD approach. The as-produced CNTs possess hollow centers, with the diameter ranging from 10-100 nanometers, and the length varies from several to tens of micrometers, which is the characteristics of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). Nanomaterials, including CNTs, meal oxides and metal sulfides, were manufactured using this microwave approach.

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See more of this Session: Nanomaterials Manufacturing
See more of this Group/Topical: Nanoscale Science and Engineering Forum