439887 A Method for Sustainable Carbon Dioxide Utilization Process Synthesis and Design

Tuesday, November 10, 2015: 4:30 PM
259 (Salt Palace Convention Center)
Rebecca Frauzem1, Kasper Fjellerup1, Kosan Roh2, Tuan Nguyen3, Pinchayapan Kongpanna4, Suttichai Assabumrungrat4, Jay Lee2 and Rafiqul Gani1, (1)Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark, (2)Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon, South Korea, (3)The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand, (4)Center of Excellence in Catalysis and Catalytic Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

As a result of increasing regulations and concern about the impact of greenhouse gases on the environment, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are a primary focus for reducing emissions and improving global sustainability. One method to achieve reduced emissions, is the conversion of CO2 to useful compounds via chemical reactions. However, conversion is still in its infancy and requires work for implementation at an industrial level. One aspect of this is the development of a methodology for the formulation and optimization of sustainable conversion processes. This methodology follows three stages for the process synthesis, design and more sustainable design. Using a superstructure-based approach a network of utilization alternatives is created linking CO2 and other raw materials with various products using processing blocks. This will then be optimized and verified for sustainability. Detailed design has also been performed for various case studies. These case studies include multiple pathways for the production of methanol and the production of dimethyl carbonate (DMC). From detailed design and analysis, CO2 conversion processes show promise as an additional method for the sustainable reduction of CO2 emissions.

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See more of this Session: Process and Product Design: Innovation for Sustainability II
See more of this Group/Topical: Sustainable Engineering Forum