Thursday, November 12, 2015: 4:18 PM
255B (Salt Palace Convention Center)
The kinetics of the reaction between aqueous solutions of carbon dioxide and Aminomethylpropanol (AMP), Aminobutanol (AB), Aminopropanol (AP), Diethylamine (DEA) and Ethanolamine (EA) was investigated over a temperature range of 283–308 K and different amine concentrations using the stopped flow technique. It was found that at each of the temperatures studied, MEA reacts faster than AB, which in turn, reacts faster than AMP and DEA respectively. Reactions of MEA, DEA and AB can be explained by the zwitterion mechanism. However, the reaction mechanism of the AMP, a hindered amine, is suggested to be similar to that for tertiary amines, but at a faster rate. The rate constants required to predict reaction rates of these amines have been calculated and presented in this work.