434932 Visible-Light-Responsive Materials for Separation of Oil-Water Mixtures

Tuesday, November 10, 2015: 10:00 AM
155C (Salt Palace Convention Center)
Gibum Kwon1, Divya Panchanathan1, Mohammed A. Gondal2, Gareth H. McKinley1 and Kripa K. Varanasi1, (1)Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, (2)Physics Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

Photocatalytic materials such as TiO2 have attracted significant attention in altering the wettability of surfaces. These materials degrade any organic deposits and induce superhydrophilic properties to the surface upon irradiation with UV light. The excitation of TiO2 by light with energy greater than the bandgap is the primary process underlying its vast applications in self-cleaning, antifogging, treatment of wastewater and most recently separation of oil-water mixtures. However, the large bandgap of TiO2 (~ 3.2 eV for anatase and ~ 3.0 eV for rutile) limits its ability to absorb visible light or sunlight effectively. Given that only ~ 5 % of solar flux incident at the earth’s surface lies in this spectral regime (λ < 390 nm), utilization of a large fraction of sunlight for excitation process can thus be enhanced by tuning the bandgap of TiO2 to the visible spectral regime. In this work, we have developed novel approaches to tune the bandgap of TiO2 to be responsive in the visible spectral regime by surface modification. Under visible light irradiation, we show that these modified TiO2 surfaces undergo hydrophobic-to-hydrophilic conversion in both air and oil environments. We explain the mechanism behind the change in wettability in terms of the surface regeneration processes. Such unique visible light-induced hydrophobic-to-hydrophilic conversion of our surfaces enables on-demand separation of oil-water mixtures. We anticipate that the materials that have such tunable light-responsive wettability can find broad applications in oil-water separation, wastewater treatment, self-cleaning, and phase transitions.

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See more of this Session: Responsive Membranes
See more of this Group/Topical: Separations Division