427791 Exploring the Impact of Cellulose Accessibility on Lignocellulosic Hydrolysis Using a Modified Simons' Staining Assay and a 1-Methylimidazole Pretreatment Process

Wednesday, November 11, 2015: 4:05 PM
250C (Salt Palace Convention Center)
Thomas Kwok1,2, Yuzhi Kang1,2, Matthew J. Realff1,2 and Andreas S. Bommarius1,2, (1)School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, (2)Renewable Bioproducts Institute, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

To understand and enhance cellulose biodegradation, it is crucial to determine how a pretreatment method affects cellulose accessibility.  Simons’ staining is a simple technique to quantify cellulose accessibility using direct dyes.  However, the uncertainty around the availability of traditional dyes, Direct Orange 15 and Direct Blue 1, has created the need for alternative probes.  In this work, we demonstrate the use of Direct Yellow 11 as an alternative probe in a modified Simons’ staining method.  With this modified Simons’ staining method, we are able to characterize the accessibility of a 1-Methylimidazole (MI) pretreatment process.  MI is a potential biomass pretreatment chemical that removes lignin and dramatically increases hydrolysis rates at ambient conditions and short times.  Here we elucidate how MI pretreatment affects both the crystallinity and accessibility of cellulose.  This work provides measurable criteria for other organic solvent pretreatments, and it will guide future efforts towards environmental, economical, and effective pretreatment methods.

(1) Simons, F. L. (1950). A stain for use in the microscopy of beaten fibers. Tappi, 33(7), 312-314.

(2) Kang, Y., Realff, M. J., Sohn, M., Lee, J. H., & Bommarius, A. S. (2015). Biotechnology Progress, 31, 25-34.

(3) Chandra, R., Ewanick, S., Hsieh, C., & Saddler, J. N. (2008). Biotechnology progress, 24(5), 1178-1185.

Extended Abstract: File Not Uploaded