427584 DEM-CFD Model for Particle-Drying Process in Hot Fluidized Bed

Wednesday, November 11, 2015: 4:45 PM
254B (Salt Palace Convention Center)
Takuya Tsuji, Jumpei Fujimoto and Toshitsugu Tanaka, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Fluidized bed is used in a number of industrial applications. When particles are fluidized, they are suspended by the upward-flowing gas and released from the contact forces from adjacent particles. Due to large contact area between gas and particle phases in addition to good mixture of particles in the bed, significant heat and mass transfer between two phases are achieved. By virtue of such advantages, fluidized beds are often used in processes such as drying, combustion, gasification, catalytic reaction and calcination. Owing to the progress of computer capabilities, numerical simulation by discrete particle models becomes popular. DEM (Discrete Element Method) - CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) coupling model is widely used in fluidized bed simulation. The model extension to include heat and mass transfers has been performed by some researchers while it is still limited. In the present study, a DEM - CFD coupling model is proposed for particle-drying process in a hot fluidized bed and validation studies are performed. The drying of moist porous particle is modeled by assuming a double-layer structure inside of the particle: the outer crust and the wet center core layers. A number of bench-scale experiments are performed. Silica-gel particle is used as a test material and its drying behavior is observed in a pseudo 2-D bed where hot dried air is injected. In addition to the moisture content change of particles, its temperature is also measured by using an infrared thermography camera. Current status and future perspective of the model development are discussed in the presentation.

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