425330 Reversible Colloidal Assembly and Crystallization in Steady Electric Fields

Wednesday, November 11, 2015: 10:00 AM
Ballroom F (Salt Palace Convention Center)
Joseph A. Ferrar and Michael J. Solomon, Chemical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

We quantify and model the kinetics of deposition of initially dilute colloidal spheres due to application of a steady, direct current electric field in the thin gap between parallel electrodes.  The deposition process, which can result in colloidal crystallization, is governed by the balance of the spatially varying, particle-dependent osmotic pressure and the field-driven particle velocity, which is itself a function of field and particle-dependent hydrodynamic interactions.  The system studied is poly(12-hydroxystearic acid) (PHSA)-stabilized poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) spheres dispersed in a mixture of cyclohexylbromide (CHB), decalin, and a low concentration of the partially disassociating salt tetrabutylammonium chloride (TBAC).  The temporal and spatial evolution of the colloidal volume fraction in the ~ 1 mm gap between the electrodes is quantified under conditions of both deposition and relaxation by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM).  The kinetics are modeled by adapting a treatment for sedimentation (Davis and Russel, Phys. Fluids A, 1, 82, 1989) to the case of steady electric fields.  The model’s predictions show good agreement with the measured kinetics at low Pe; however, agreement progressively deteriorates with increasing Pe.   At low Pe the deposits are initially disordered.  After an initial delay, 1D crystal growth propagates from the electrode surface at rates of several hundred nm/min.  The sharp crystal boundary propagates as a characteristic of constant colloidal volume fraction, consistent with an equilibrium crystalline phase transition.  The results inform operational ranges for devices that produce active colloidal matter by reversible assembly.

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See more of this Session: Colloidal Hydrodynamics I: Soft and Active Systems
See more of this Group/Topical: Engineering Sciences and Fundamentals