422358 Enzymatic Assembly for Increased Methanol Utilization

Tuesday, November 10, 2015: 12:30 PM
150D/E (Salt Palace Convention Center)
J. Vincent Price1, Long Chen1 and Wilfred Chen2, (1)Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Enginneering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, (2)Chemical and Biomolecular Enginneering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE

Methanol is an important feedstock in the chemical industry but has had trouble gaining traction as a feedstock in biotechnological processes due to the difficulty of bacteria utilizing it as a carbon and energy source. The first enzyme, methanol dehydrogenase (MDH), which converts methanol to formaldehyde favors the reverse reaction and this is the key in limiting engineered E. coli cells from utilizing methanol at a fast rate. In metabolic engineering there are myriad ways to increase flux through a pathway to drive product formation. To bypass this thermodynamic barrier, we created a “kinetic trap” to prevent formaldehyde from accumulating and enable methanol to be consumed continuously at the highest rate.  Several protein-ligand interaction pairs were used to link methanol dehydrogenase (MDH) with hexulose phosphate synthase (HPS), which irreversibly converts formaldehyde and ribulose 5 phosphate to hexulose 6-phosphate.  The resulting MDH-HPS complexes enabled a 20-fold improvement in hexulose 6-phosphate production compared to unassociated enzymes confirming that enzymatic assembly improves methanol utilization.

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