418098 Mechanical Work in Surface Chemistry

Thursday, November 12, 2015: 1:10 PM
355A (Salt Palace Convention Center)
Michael Francis and William Curtin, EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland

Surface chemistry is thought to be controlled exclusively by electronic factors. In this work, we show that in addition to the established electronic factors a mechanical work term arises upon the application of stress (Nat Comm 6, 2015). This mechanical work term is due to the interaction of the applied stress field with the relaxation (strain field) induced by the presence of a bound molecule. The mechanical work term has dependencies different from established electronic parameters and allows for cases of stronger (weaker) binding upon the application of compression (tension), opposite to expectations from electronic parameters. It is shown explicitly for the case of methanation catalysis that stress induced chemistry changes may shift the activity of Ni to that of Ru and Co; an activity shift comparable to moving one element across the periodic table with compositional or structural changes. Design of stress assisted catalysis using core-shell nanoparticles is discussed.

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See more of this Session: Rational Catalyst Design II
See more of this Group/Topical: Catalysis and Reaction Engineering Division