416757 Electrochemical Recovery of Fission Platinoids in 1-Butyl-1methylpyrrolidinium Dicyanamide Ionic Liquid

Tuesday, November 10, 2015: 9:05 AM
250B (Salt Palace Convention Center)
Sujan Shrestha, Miyan Nagib and Elizabeth J. Biddinger, Department of Chemical Engineering, The City College of New York, New York, NY

Electrochemical Recovery of Fission Platinoids in 1-Butyl-1methylpyrrolidinium Dicyanamide Ionic Liquid Sujan Shresthaa, Miyan Nagiba, Elizabeth J. Biddingera*   aDepartment of Chemical Engineering, City College of New York, 140th Street and Convent Avenue, New York, New York 10031 *Corresponding Author ebiddinger@che.ccny.cuny.edu

Ionic liquids (ILs) have been proposed as a safer solvent than volatile organic compounds (VOCs) for extraction of metals from aqueous sludge of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) due to its low flammability and thermal stability (1-3). After extraction, the metals can be judiciously recovered through electrodeposition because of the metal complexing ability, moderate-to-high conductivity, and wide electrochemical window of the ILs (4). Therefore, studying electrodeposition of metals in ILs is of critical importance for the down-stream processing in the IL-based nuclear waste management processes.

In this work electrodeposition of non-radioactive counterparts of fission platinoids (Pd, Rh and Ru) in ILs was investigated in 1-butyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium dicyanamide ([Bmpyrr][DCA]). Besides being important for nuclear waste management, fission platinoids have high economic importance (5). Among the fission platinoids, Pd is the most utilizable because of its low radioactivity compared to that of Rh and Ru (5).

It was expected that the thermodynamics and kinetics of the Pd change in the presence of Rh and Ru (6). So, we studied electrochemical behavior of Pd, Rh, and Ru separately and together in [Bmpyrr][DCA] using cyclic voltammetry. Electrodeposition was carried out on Ni substrate separately and from their mixture. Pd was found to be more soluble than Rh and Ru in [Bmpyrr][DCA]. Pd could also be easily reduced on Ni substrate within the cathodic limit of [Bmpyrr][DCA] forming a thin film of different morphologies dependent upon the potential applied. How the presence of Rh and Ru affect the electrodeposition behavior of Pd will be discussed in this presentation.

References

1.         S. Ha, R. Menchavez and Y.-M. Koo, Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, 27, 1360 (2010).

2.         K. Venkatesan, T. Srinivasan and P. V. Rao, Journal of Nuclear & Radiochemical Science, 10, R1 (2009).

3.         X. Sun, H. Luo and S. Dai, Chemical Reviews, 112, 2100 (2011).

4.         A. P. Abbott and K. J. McKenzie, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 8, 4265 (2006).

5.         Z. Kolarik and E. V. Renard, Platinum Metals Review, 49, 79 (2005).

6.         M. Jayakumar, K. A. Venkatesan, T. G. Srinivasan and P. R. V. Rao, Desalination and Water Treatment, 38, 73 (2012).

 


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