414949 Nanometric Graphene Oxide Framework Membranes with Enhanced Heavy Metal Removal Via Nanofiltration

Monday, November 9, 2015: 3:40 PM
155C (Salt Palace Convention Center)
Yu Zhang1, Sui Zhang2 and Tai-Shung Chung2, (1)NUS Graduate School for Integrative Science and Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore, (2)Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore

A novel dual-modification strategy, including (1) the crosslinking and construction of a GO framework by ethylenediamine (EDA) and (2) the amine-enrichment modification by hyperbranched polyethyleneimine (HPEI), has been proposed to design stable and highly charged GO framework membranes with the GO selective layer thickness of 70 nm for effective heave metal removal via nanofiltration (NF). Results from sonication experiments and positron annihilation spectroscopy confirmed that EDA crosslinking not only enhanced structural stability, but also enlarged the nanochannels among the laminated GO nanosheets for higher water permeability. HPEI 60K was found to be the most effective post-treatment agent that resulted in GO framework membranes with a higher surface charge and lower transport resistance. The newly developed membrane exhibited a high pure water permeability of 5.01 L m-2 h-1 bar-1 and comparably high rejections towards Mg2+, Pb2+, Ni2+, Cd2+ and Zn2+. These results have demonstrated the great potential of GO framework materials in wastewater treatment and may provide insights for the design and fabrication of the next generation 2D-based NF membranes.

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See more of this Session: Carbon-Based Nanostructured Membranes
See more of this Group/Topical: Separations Division