387863 Multifunctional Epoxy Nanocomposites Reinforced with Nanofiller in Various Types

Monday, November 17, 2014: 1:36 PM
International 9 (Marriott Marquis Atlanta)
Xi Zhang, Integrated Composites Laboratory (ICL), Dan F. Smith Department of Chemical Engineering, Lamar university, Beaumont, TX, Ouassima Alloul, Integrated Composites Laboratory (ICL), Dan F Smith Department of Chemical Engineering, Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, John Zhanhu Guo, Dan F. Smith Department of Chemical Engineering, Lamar University, Beaumont, TX and Suying Wei, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Lamar University, Beaumont, TX

Epoxy polymer nanocomposite (PNCs) were systematically studied with different types of nanofillers, including polyaniline nanofibers and nanospheres, polypyrrole nanofibers and nanospheres, magnetite nanospheres, carbon coated iron (Fe@C) nanospheres, graphene nanosheets and graphene nanosheets decorated with core-shell nanoparticles have been fabricated. The curing process of the PNCs was monitored by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy test and the curing extent of the PNCs were calculated based on the residual heat obtained in the DSC test. Reduced viscosity observed in the uncured liquid samples was attributed to the interaction between the nanofillers and the polymer matrix, and the nanofillers were found to favor the disentanglement of the polymer chain. The mechanical property study of the cured solid samples indicated that at lower loading nanofiller displayed a stress releasing function and led to increased tensile strength of the PNCs. In addition, due to the enhanced interaction between the functionalized magnetite nanospheres and the epoxy resin, the tensile strength was also increased. Meanwhile, thermo-mechanical properties including storage and loss modulii, glass transition temperature were evaluated with the free volume change in the PNCs. The dielectric property study indicated that the interfacial polarization in the PNCs depends on the specific surface area of the nanofiller. Electrical conductivity studied indicated that the nanofiller with high aspect ratio can form network structure more easily and lead to the percolation behavior show in lower loading. Finally, the thermal stability and heat release rate study of the PNCs revealed that all the nanofillers applied would promote the char formation of the epoxy matrix and led to reduced flammability.

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See more of this Session: Multifunctional Composites
See more of this Group/Topical: Materials Engineering and Sciences Division