387311 Electrochromic Nanocomposites with Endured Energy Storage Properties

Sunday, November 16, 2014
Galleria Exhibit Hall (Hilton Atlanta)
Huige Wei, Integrated Composites Laboratory (ICL), Dan F. Smith Department of Chemical Engineering, Lamar University, Beaumont, TX

Sustainable energies from transient and renewable energy reservoirs such as wind and solar are in urgent demand due to the ever increasing energy crisis arising from the limited reserves of fossil fuels. Given the intermittent nature of these renewable energy resources, reliable energy storage systems are critically needed to store and supply energy in a stable way.1-5 Meanwhile, electrochromic materials for energy saving have attracted equivalent attention from both the academia and industry, for example, controllable light-reflective or light-transmissive devices for optical information and storage, glare-reduction systems for offices, smart windows for use in cars and buildings.6-8 In this context, devices with integrated functions of energy storage and electrochromism are highly desirable from the point of view of sustainable development.9

Recently, electrically conductive polymers (CPs) have received intensive attention owing to their high pseudocapacitances arising from the rich redox reactions and the corresponding color switching, as well as their facile preparation, environmental stability, high electrical conductivity, and low cost, which make them promising candidates for both energy storage and electrochromic applications. However, structural degradation as a result of the swelling/shrinkage during the intercalation/deintercalation of counterions in the redox reactions remains a challenge for pure CPs thin films.

Targeting to achieve stable conductive polymer nanocomposite thin films with desirable energy storage and electrochromic properties, polyaniline nanocomposite thin films incorporated with different nanofillers, i.e., tungsten oxide and graphite oxides have been prepared by in-situ electropolymerization of the monomers onto the nanofiller coated ITO glass.10, 11These nanocomposite thin films have demonstrated much more enhanced stability due to the interactions between the polymer matrix and the nanofillers, which help buffer the stress developed in the polymer matrix. Meanwhile, the nanocomposites exhibit multi-color electrochromism at different potentials, high color contrast, fast switching speed, and high energy efficiency while possessing significant energy storage properties in terms of high energy densities and power densities. The study opens a door for fabricating conductive polymer nanocomposite thin films with integrated energy storage and electrochromism functions and improved stability for future sustainable energy applications via facile electropoloymerization techniques

References

1.   J. Zhu, M. Chen, H. Wei, N. Yerra, N. Haldolaarachchige, Z. Luo, D. P. Young, T. C. Ho and Z. Guo, Nano Energy, 2014, 6, 180–192.

2.   H. Wei, H. Gu, J. Guo, S. Wei, J. Liu and Z. Guo, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013, 117, 13000-13010.

3.   H. Wei, H. Gu, J. Guo, S. Wei and Z. Guo, ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology, 2013, 2, M3008-M3014.

4.   H. Wei, H. Gu, J. Guo, S. Wei and Z. Guo, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 2013, 160, G3038-G3045.

5.   J. Zhu, M. Chen, H. Qu, X. Zhang, H. Wei, Z. Luo, H. A. Colorado, S. Wei and Z. Guo, Polymer, 2012, 53, 5953-5964.

6.   R. J. Mortimer, Chem. Soc. Rev., 1997, 26, 147-156.

7.   H. Wei, X. Yan, Y. Li, H. Gu, S. Wu, K. Ding, S. Wei and Z. Guo, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2012, 116, 16286-16293.

8.   H. Wei, X. Yan, Y. Li, S. Wu, A. Wang, S. Wei and Z. Guo, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2012, 116, 4500-4510.

9.   H. Wei, X. Yan, Q. Wang, S. Wu, Y. Mao, Z. Luo, H. Chen, L. Sun, S. Wei and Z. Guo, Energy and Environment Focus, 2013, 2, 112-120.

10. H. Wei, J. Zhu, S. Wu, S. Wei and Z. Guo, Polymer, 2013, 54, 1820-1831.

11. H. Wei, X. Yan, S. Wu, Z. Luo, S. Wei and Z. Guo, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2012, 116, 25052-25064.

SELECTED PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS (10 out of 33)

1)   J. Zhu, M. Chen, H. Wei, N. Year, N. Haldolaarachchige, Z. Luo, D. P. Young, T. C. Ho, S. Wei* and Z. Guo*; Magnetocapacitance in Magnetic Microtubular Carbon Nanocomposites under External Magnetic Field, Nano Energy, 6,180–192 (2014).

2)   H. Wei, D. Ding, X. Yan, J. Guo, L. Shao, H. Chen, L. Sun, H. A. Coloado, S. Wei* and Z. Guo*; Tungsten Trioxide/Zinc Tungstate Bilayers: Electrochromic Behaviors, Energy Storage and Electron Transfer, Electrochimica Acta, 132, 58-66 (2014).

3)   H. Wei, D. Ding, S. Wei and Z. Guo; Anticorrosive Conductive Polyurethane Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes NanoComposites; Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 1, 10805-10813 (2013).

4)   H. Wei, H. Gu, J. Guo, S. Wei and Z. Guo; Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes with Tuned Surface Functionalities for Electrochemical Energy Storage; ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology, 2(10), M3008-M3014 (2013).

5)   H. Wei, H. Gu, J. Guo, S. Wei, J. Liu and Z. Guo; Silica Doped Nano-polyaniline with Endured Electrochemical Energy Storage and the Magnetic Field Effects; Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 117(25), 13000-13010 (2013).

6)   H. Wei, H. Gu, J. Guo, S. Wei and Z. Guo; Electropolymerized Polyaniline Nanocomposites from Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes with Tuned Surface Functionalities for Electrochemical Energy Storage; Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 160(7), G3038-G3045 (2013).

7)   H. Wei, J. Zhu, S. Wu, S. Wei and Z. Guo; Electrochromic Polyaniline/Graphite Oxide Nanocomposites with Endured Electrochemical Energy Storage; Polymer, 54(7), 1820-1831 (2013).

8)   H. Wei, X. Yan, S. Wu, Z. Luo, S. Wei and Z. Guo; Electropolymerized Polyaniline Stabilized Tungsten Oxide Nanocomposite Films: Electrochromic Behavior and Electrochemical Energy Storage; Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 116(470), 25052-25064 (2012).

9)   H. Wei, X. Yan, Y. Li, H. Gu, S. Wu, K. Ding, S. Wei, and Z. Guo; Electrochromic Poly(DNTD)/WO3 Nanocomposite Films via Electropolymerization; Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 116(30), 16286-16293 (2012).

10)  H. Wei, X. Yan, Y. Li, S. Wu, A. Wang, S. Wei and Z. Guo; Hybrid Electrochromic Fluorescent Poly(DNTD)/CdSe@ZnS Composite Films; Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 116 (7), 4500-4510 (2012).

AWARDS/HONORS:

       3rd Place Award in Chinese-American Chemical Society (CACS) – SW Fall Event,

       2012.


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