386052 Analysis of Perovskites and Layered Perovskite Oxides As Materials for Conversion of Carbon Dioxide to Carbon Monoxide in Thermochemical Cycles

Wednesday, November 19, 2014
Galleria Exhibit Hall (Hilton Atlanta)
Yolanda A. Daza1, Ryan A. Kent1, Bryan J. Hare1, Matthew M. Yung2 and John N. Kuhn1, (1)Chemical & Biomedical Engineering, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, (2)National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO

More than 30,000 Mt are emitted each year to the atmosphere, yet less than 1% of the CO2 produced is re-utilized in industrial processes such as urea and salicylic acid synthesis. Here, an alternative to CO2 utilization is proposed, where CO2 can be transformed to high-value chemicals that could be used as a source for C1 chemistry by thermochemical cycles (TC).

Perovskites (ABO3) are ideal for TCs because they have the ability to form oxygen vacancies while maintaining its crystalline structure, at lower temperatures than similar oxides (~820 °C) such as ceria and spinels. Layered perovskite (A2BO4) have similar properties to perovskites and therefore could be potential candidates for adsorption and conversion of carbon dioxide. The goal of the study is to demonstrate an oxide that has equilibrium between adsorption strength and CO2-conversion capabilities. The stability of the CO2 molecule posses a challenge because of the energy needed to break the C=O bond.

In this work, different perovskites, layered perovskites and spinels (La0.75Sr0.25CoO3, La0.75Sr0.25FeO3, La0.75Sr0.25Co0.5Fe0.5O3, LaSrCoO4 and CeCo2O4) were studied for their oxygen formation capabilities under inert environment and their carbon dioxide adsorption strength properties. The material that can convert carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide on its oxygen vacancies with the minimal energy input will be used for further studies on light-induced thermochemical conversion of CO2 to CO.

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