385341 New Model for Thermal Conductivity and Viscosity of Molten Salts

Wednesday, November 19, 2014: 2:00 PM
Crystal Ballroom A/F (Hilton Atlanta)
Mohamad H. Kassaee, School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, Mohammad Z. Hossain, School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Tech, Atlanta, GA, Sheldon M. Jeter, Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Tech, Atlanta, GA and Amyn S. Teja, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

Liquid salts (which are generally called molten salts at high temperatures and ionic liquids at low temperatures) play a critical role in the production and processing of many materials and are receiving renewed interest as high temperature heat transfer fluids in Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) plants. Unfortunately, reliable thermophysical properties of molten salts, such as thermal conductivity and viscosity, are either rarely available or subject to large experimental uncertainties. In this work, a new model based on the rough hard-sphere theory is proposed for thermal conductivity and viscosity of molten salts. This model incorporates a smooth hard-sphere contribution using the properties of argon, as well as characteristic parameters based on the melting point of the molten salt. Thermal conductivity and viscosity of monovalent and multivalent molten salts have been correlated using this approach and some of the discrepancies in published data have been resolved. For salts with a common anion, a single adjustable parameter in the model exhibits regular behavior with the molecular weight of the salt. Thermal conductivity and viscosity of several molten-salt mixtures have also been predicted.

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See more of this Session: Thermophysical Properties and Phase Behavior III
See more of this Group/Topical: Engineering Sciences and Fundamentals