376353 Ionomers of Intrinsic Microporosity (IonomIMs): In silico Development of Ionic-Functionalized Gas Separation Membranes

Wednesday, November 19, 2014: 9:06 AM
310 (Hilton Atlanta)
Kyle E. Hart and Coray M. Colina, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

This work presents the predictive molecular simulations of a polymer of intrinsic microporosity (PIM) functionalized to contain an ionic backbone with extra-framework counter ions for CO2 gas storage and separation applications. The introduction of the highly CO2-phillic carboxylate groups maintain high degrees of free volume from the inefficiently packed polymer chains without filling pore volume, with the surface areas increasing with decreased concentration of ionic groups from 100% to 17%. As a result of the ionic groups increasing the CO2 enthalpy of adsorption, the uptake of the proposed polymers at 293 K and ambient pressure exceeded previous microporous ladder polymer capacities. In addition, the CO2/CH4 and CO2/N2 mixed-gas separation performances were evaluated at several industrially-relevant conditions, where the IonomIMs are shown to increase both the working capacity and selection performance in certain pressure swing applications, and outperformed many leading metal organic framework materials. These simulations reveal that intrinsically microporous ionomers show great potential as the future of energy efficient gas separation polymeric materials.

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