370762 Lipidic Templates and Coatings for Designing Nanotheranostics

Monday, November 17, 2014: 12:30 PM
International 6 (Marriott Marquis Atlanta)
Geoffrey D. Bothun, Chemical Engineering, Univeristy of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI

Lipidic platforms, such as liposomes, have been used for decades as drug delivery vehicles and remain as one of the most effective platforms. This stems in part from their biocompatibility, their ability to encapsulate hydrophilic and hydrophilic cargo, and their chemical and biophysical diversity. In the quest to improve the detection and treatment of diseases, there has been significant recent interest in capitalizing on these properties and creating nanoscale assemblies capable of combined diagnostics and therapy (i.e. nanotheranostics) by merging lipidic platforms with active or functional nanotechnologies. This presentation will focus on two examples where lipidic approaches are being used to design multifunctional nanotheranostics based on gold or iron oxide that respond to external stimuli. The first example is a templating technique where small hydrophobic nanoparticles (ca. 2-5 nm) are embedded within liposomal bilayers. The liposome templates the formation of a ‘loose’ nanoparticle shell and the embedded nanoparticles control the release of encapsulated molecules from within. This control stems from the coupled phase and transport behavior of the bilayers, which is dependent upon nanoparticle concentration and size. By using iron oxide nanoparticles, intracellular release of doxorubicin was achieved in vivo using an alternating electromagnetic field. The second example also involves iron oxide nanoparticles, but in this case the nanoparticles are larger (ca. 30 nm) and susceptible to permanent and alternating magnetic fields. A lipid monolayer shell is formed on the surface through a solvent exchange technique that yields monodispersed particles. The particles achieve extremely high uptake in vivo and are able to control the loading and intracellular delivery of small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA). These examples highlight the role lipidic platforms can play in designing stimuli-responsive nanotheranostics that are capable of achieving multiple therapeutic objectives.

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See more of this Session: Area Plenary: Bionanotechnology I
See more of this Group/Topical: Nanoscale Science and Engineering Forum