364471 Impacts of Pyrolysis Temperature on Biochar Properties and CO2 Emission of Soil Amended with Biochar

Wednesday, November 19, 2014
Galleria Exhibit Hall (Hilton Atlanta)
Haoran Yuan, Tao Lu, Yazhuo Wang, Huhe Taoli and Yong Chen, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, China

This study aims to document the hypothesis that pyrolysis temperature affects biochar properties and govern soil CO2 emission when returned to soil as amendment. Biochar properties were investigated at different temperatures of 300 °C, 500°C, and 700 °C. Incubation experiment of soil with biochars was conducted over 46 d. Increasing temperature may strengthen the carbon enrichment in biochar, form advanced pore structure. The fixed carbon and ash relative contents increased, and the alkalinity and aromaticity became stronger with rising pyrolysis temperature. The effect of biochar on soil CO2 emission lies in the combined actions of biochar properties, increasing temperature may convert the positive effect on soil CO2 emission into a negative effect, thereby sequestrating carbon and improving soil organic carbon.

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See more of this Session: Poster Session: Sustainability and Sustainable Biorefineries
See more of this Group/Topical: Sustainable Engineering Forum