360109 Thin-Film Composite Membranes with Modified Polyvinylidene Fluoride Substrate for Ethanol Dehydration Via Pervaporation

Wednesday, November 19, 2014: 5:20 PM
311 (Hilton Atlanta)
Yu Zhang, NUS Graduate School for Integrative Science and Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore, Ngoc Lieu Le, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore and Yan Wang, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Huazhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan 430074, China

Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), because of its high stabilities and easy processability, was employed as the substrate material for the first time to fabricate the thin-film composite (TFC) hollow fiber membrane for ethanol dehydration. A surface modification of the PVDF substrate through an alkaline treatment was carried out before interfacial polymerization to conquer its hydrophobic nature. Various characterizations showed that a proper alkaline treatment can effectively enhance the surface hydrophilicity by introducing oxygen-containing functional groups. Different configurations of PVDF substrates were investigated and the most suitable morphology was found to be the dual-layer hollow fiber with more porous inner layer and relative denser outer surface. Silicone rubber coating was also applied to enhance the membrane selectivity. The highest separation performance showed a separation factor of 40 and a flux of 1288 g/m2h with high long term stabilities. This study may provide important insights in exploring new substrate materials for TFC membranes.

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See more of this Session: Membrane Formation
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