290304 The Global Issues on Water Resources, Infectious Diseases, and the Impact of Ecological Footprint

Monday, October 29, 2012: 1:20 PM
402 (Convention Center )
Emmanuel A. Dada, ChemProcess Technologies (CPT), LLC, League City, TX, Thomas Mensah, Georgia Aerospace Corporation, Atlanta, GA, Derrick K. Rollins Sr., Chemical and Biological Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, Paula Hammond, Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, Antonio Garcia, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ and Irvin Osborne-Lee, Chemical Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX

Ecological footprint is an important measure in calculating the human demands and impacts on our global environment. In this respect, the ecological footprint is a function of all the parameters that interact between the power of ecosystem productivity and human interactions and activities on a particular ecosystem or the demand from that ecosystem. The present paper will cover and analyse the ecosystems’ productivity and the human demand from the ecosystems. It will produce comprehensive analyses in measuring the possibility of capabilities of the ecosystems to provide goods and services to the human beings on our planet Earth. Further, the paper will discuss the models that can be used in measuring the sustainability of ecosystem, water resources and what we should be doing to maintain the earth healthy ecosystems. Furthermore, the paper will provide some answers to the human issues in USA; water resources change impacts as the results of human activities.  Further, warning to the current trend in use and abuse of our natural ecosystems and what will be expecting from these ecosystems to provide the human needs in response to the current use of US ecosystems that exist.

In addition to presenting the ecological footprint, this paper will also examine the propagation of Dengue Fever and suggest ways of engineering systems to support sustainability. One problem with maintaining a sustainable environment for human population growth and technological development is the unintended propagation of infectious disease due to our need for water and desire for modern infrastructure.  In the past few decades, development of arid lands made possible through large-scale water management has also introduced mosquitoes in the dessert that carry arboviruses such as West Nile Virus and Dengue Fever.  Increasing human populations in tropical zones in developing and established nations alike have also increased habitats for vectors and hosts that can transmit these and other diseases.

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