289367 Optimal Synthesis and Planning of Sustainable Chemical Processes

Monday, October 29, 2012: 12:30 PM
333 (Convention Center )
Ignacio Grossmann, Department of Chemical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA

Sustainability has recently emerged as a key issue in process systems engineering (PSE). Mathematical programming techniques such as mixed-integer programming and global optimization offer a general modeling framework for including environmental concerns in the synthesis and planning of chemical processes. Including environmental issues in the synthesis and planning of chemical processes poses significant challenges that have not yet been fully solved, and hence merit further attention. One major critical issue is how to systematize the search for alternatives leading to reductions in environmental impact. Furthermore, aside from anticipating the effect of uncertainties, which are quite pronounced in this area, there is the issue on how to cope with competing economic and environmental objectives. In the area of process synthesis we address the energy and water optimization of biofuel plants.  We present an optimization framework based on superstructure optimization that effectively accounts for energy and water integration, and illustrate its application to the optimization of corn-based ethanol and lignocellulosic bioethanol plants. In the area of supply chain management we address the environmentally conscious design and planning of hydrogen supply chains for vehicle use using a multiobjective optimization approach coupled with the Eco-indicator 99 to assess the effect on human health. We also address the optimal design of chemical supply chain with uncertain emissions using a chance constrained optimization approach to account for the uncertainties associated with the parameters of LCA models (e.g. emissions, potential harm, etc.).

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See more of this Session: Sustainability Plenary
See more of this Group/Topical: Sustainable Engineering Forum