289268 Palladium Sorbents for High Temperature Capture of Mercury, Arsenic, Selenium and Phosphorus from Fuel Gas

Friday, November 2, 2012: 9:50 AM
302 (Convention Center )
Evan J. Granite1, Henry W. Pennline1, Erik C. Rupp2, Dennis Stanko2, John P. Baltrus3, Hugh Hamilton4, Liz Rowsell4, Stephen Poulston4, Andrew Smith4, Wilson Chu5 and Tony Wu6, (1)U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA, (2)National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA, (3)US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA, (4)Johnson Matthey Technology Centre, Reading, United Kingdom, (5)Johnson Matthey, West Chester, PA, (6)National Carbon Capture Center, Southern Company, Wilsonville, AL

In gasification for power generation, the removal of mercury by sorbents at elevated temperatures preserves the high thermal efficiency of the integrated gasification combined cycle system. Unfortunately, most sorbents will display poor capacity for elemental mercury at elevated temperatures. Previous experience with sorbents in flue gas has allowed for judicious selection of potential high temperature candidate sorbents. The capacities of many sorbents for elemental mercury from nitrogen, as well as from different simulated fuel gases at temperatures from 400 - 700°F, were determined. The simulated fuel gas compositions contain varying concentrations of mercury, arsine, hydrogen selenide, phosphine, carbon monoxide, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, moisture, and hydrogen sulfide. Palladium is an attractive sorbent candidate for the removal of mercury from fuel gases at elevated temperatures. Recent results suggest that palladium has excellent potential for arsenic, phosphorus and selenium capture from fuel gases, making it capable of multi-pollutant capture. A license agreement has been signed by the United States Department of Energy and Johnson Matthey for further development of the sorbents. The sorbents have recently removed nearly 100% of the mercury, arsenic and selenium from slipstreams of dirty syngas at 500F during several extended exposures at a pilot gasification facility. Future research areas and sorbent development for trace metal capture from fuel gases will be discussed.

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