288655 Thinking Outside Our Box: On Being a Fluid Mechanical “Missionary”

Monday, October 29, 2012: 8:30 AM
409 (Convention Center )
Todd M. Squires, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA

This abstract is meant to be provocative.

The fluid mechanics community has seen incredible advances in the last century:  a deep, physical understanding of a wide variety of fluid phenomena; the mathematical formulation of fluid mechanical problems (and particularly the value of non-dimensionalization); asymptotic analysis for accurate approximations (and the physical intuition that arises from such approximations); and powerful computers and algorithms that enable direct numerical simulations that would have been inconceivable a few decades ago.

That said, I fear that we in the fluid mechanics community have evolved so far, and in a direction that many of our colleagues in Chemical Engineering and other disciplines have not, that the wealth of expertise and intuition we have developed does not have the impact on the broader community that it should.  In addition to framing the broader discussion in this session about "New Directions" for fluid mechanics, I will briefly discuss some work we did that was part research, part academic "outreach".  A large community has been working to develop bio-sensors; some come from ChE, but many are in Chemistry, Mechanical or Electrical Engineering, Physics, Materials, Biology, Bioengineering, in other disciplines and in industry.  With few exceptions, researchers in these disciplines are not trained to think about the convective, diffusive, and reactive transport of solute in flowing solutions, and yet these transport issues are central to the operation, performance, and interpretation of these sensors.  A controversy had emerged regarding the practicality (or even possibility) of nanowires as sensors for extremely dilute (e.g. femtomolar) solutions.  The question was a quantitative one, albeit with a large parameter space, and yet the debate was largely qualitative.   Published COMSOL computations for one system would be used to justify assertions about a completely different system, and so on.

            We constructed a simple model system that captured the key features of many of these sensor systems, and fleshed out the variety of behaviors and parameter regimes that arise.  We then set ourselves the challenge of trying to develop and convey a fundamental understanding of these transport processes without requiring partial differential equations, much less matched asymptotic equations.  Our central goal was to try to help a wide variety of researchers, with an equally wide variety of backgrounds, to learn how to think about transport in these systems.

            I will argue that our field would benefit from more of this kind of "missionary" work – the need is out there, and yet the gap between how we understand solve problems, and how other fields are trained to do so, is severe enough that necessary expertise does not find its way to the communities it could benefit.  The more we interact with other fields and disciplines, the more impact we will have.  Doing so will additionally expose us as researchers to interesting challenges faced by other disciplines.

Extended Abstract: File Not Uploaded
See more of this Session: New Directions and Novel Flows
See more of this Group/Topical: Engineering Sciences and Fundamentals